Chapter D - Socialism as a Social Goal

1. Starting from the development of modern technology, production has been socialized to extreme levels on an international scale. This requires constantly growing large-scale production in which the production context must be more and more organized according to plan, without touching the relations of exploitation. Today, the productive forces have been developed in such a way that they could provide humane living conditions and a high cultural level for all mankind. In this way, state-monopoly capitalism has created all the necessary material conditions for socialism, while monopolist rule has become the decisive obstacle to all social progress.

2. Capitalist rule must be overthrown and a socialist social order established to enable the abolition of all forms of exploitation and oppression of the working masses. Economic crises and warmongering will be overcome, the productive forces freed from their capitalist fetters, and the unity of man and nature restored and further advanced.

3. After the working class has overthrown the dictatorship of the monopoly capitalists and has itself taken over state power, it must set up the dictatorship of the proletariat and transform the means of production into common property of the entire working population.
The old mode of production must be transformed fundamentally. Each according to one's abilities must take part in social labor and, according to the work he or she does, must enjoy one's share of social wealth.

4. The socialist transformation of the economy makes it possible for production and the productive forces to unrestrictedly develop further through the conscious use of all the advantages of the internationalized large-scale production on the basis of the most advanced technology. Under socialism, peoples will cooperate on an equal level and for mutual advantage. The material and cultural needs, growing continuously, can be fulfilled better and better in unison with the natural environment.

5. This can only be achieved by conscious action of the masses of the working class and its allies and never by the bare decrees of the authorities of socialist society. It is the masses of workers and their self-run organizations, who, under the leadership of the Marxist-Leninist party, must take the direction and administration of production and society into their own hands. In the interests of the working people, they must learn a proletarian culture of debate, develop conscious and voluntary discipline and utmost creative initiative and must overcome all the remnants of bourgeois morality. In controlling bureaucracy and realizing the interests of the masses in socialism, the self-run organizations play a special role. Women must be systematically involved in all sectors of social production and administration, and the private single families must be relieved from the social tasks of child care and housekeeping. All tasks that are socially necessary, are socially organized. The liberation of women is a prior social task. The young generation is the pioneer of the New; following the guideline, "Serve the People," it must assume responsibility in socialist society.

6. Socialism is a society of transition from capitalism to communism. In order to achieve its communist aims, the working class organizes class struggle under socialism by means of the dictatorship of the proletariat and practices proletarian internationalism. Its main task is at first to suppress the resistance of the capitalists and to wipe out all bases of their existence as a class. It is vital to unfold and preserve democracy for the broad masses. As long as that takes, political and military forms of struggle will be of foremost importance, with ideological struggle as the leading factor. Initially, it is necessary to build up a new-type administrative apparatus and, in correspondence, a bureaucracy. To ensure that these social tasks are carried out in a way that serves the masses, socialist society must realize a system of self-control. The class struggle of the working class must be related to the control of the mode of thinking of the responsible leaders of the economy, the state and the party. This expresses, from the beginning, the essence of the ­ dictatorship of the proletariat: systematic ideological-political struggle for socialist consciousness to overcome bourgeois ideology, in unity with the socialist transformation of the economic base of society and the social way of living.

7. Even under communism, after the triumph of the world revolution, the dictatorship of the proletariat will not disappear at once. Its main task will be the gradual abolition of classes altogether. The tradition of bourgeois ideology still lingers on for a long time. Not until bourgeois ideology has been vanquished once and for all will classes and the state die out and the classless society begin. Labor has become the primary need of life, since it gives everyone the opportunity of increasingly developing one's physical and mental abilities and of using them for the good of society. The social inequality of man and woman is overcome. The separation of manual and mental labor and of town and country belongs to the past as does the division of the world into national states. The fruits of social production, now abundant, are no longer distributed according to the work done, as in socialism, but according to the needs of people.


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